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后缀-ate 在线练习5

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)stipulates (b)alienating (c)placate (d)segregate (e)castigated

1、If we allowed women to become priests, we would run the risk of __ a large part of our congregation. The presence of women on the altar would certainly drive away the traditionalists.

2、They're pretty important customers. We'd better find a way to __ them. Do you think a 20% discount on their next order would appease them?

3、Many blacks now choose of their own volition to __ themselves from white society in Amenca. It seems ironic when you think of the baffles they fought to end their different treatment and separation from the main stream.

4、The warranty agreement __ a stringent maintenance schedule. Faithfully following the schedule is specified as a condition of the two-year defect-free guarantee.

5、Major newspapers across the country came down hard on the Republicans. The Chicago Tribune __ Senator Bob Dole of what they called "profiteering at the expense of the nation".

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答案和译文
1.(b)如果我们允许妇女成为祭司,那我们将面临疏远一大部分信徒的风险。如果女人出现在祭坛上,必然会使传统主义者远离。

2.(c)他们都是相当重要的顾客,我们最好找一个能够安抚他们的办法。你认为下次订购时给他们20%的优惠能使他们满意吗?

3.(d)现在在美国,很多黑人都自愿选择脱离白人社会。这与他们当初为终止不公平待遇和被主流社会隔离而进行的斗争联系起来看,似乎是一个讽刺。

4.(a)扭保协议规定了严格的保养时间表。切实遵守这个时间表被明确规定为保证两年内无故障的条件。

5.(e)全国的主要报纸都在强烈谴责共和党。《芝加哥论坛报》谴责参议员鲍勃·多尔“以牺牲国家利益为代价牟取暴利”。

词语释义

1.priest  牧师;祭司;圣职者  run the risk of 冒着…的风险  congregation (教会的)会众,信徒  presence 出席,临席;存在,实在  altar 祭坛  drive away 赶走  traditionalist  传统主义者

2.appease  平息,安抚;缓和

3.volition  意志,决断力;决议  cf ofone's own volrtion(出于本人的意志,自愿)main stream 主流

4.warranty 担保;保证(书)  stringent  严格的  maintenance  保持,维护;维修;保养   specify  把…列入清单;具体说明  defect-free 没毛病的

5.come down hard on 严厉批谭,强烈谴责  tribune  护民官,公民权利保护者  (the Tribune 用于报刊名,论坛)  senator 参议员  profiteer  牟取暴利越  the expense of 牺牲…,以…为代价

同义词:

  alienate: estrange, separate, part, split, drive apart

  placate: appease, soothe, pacify, propitiate, mollify, tranquilize, calm

  segregate: discriminate, differentiate, seclude, quarantine, ghettoize, separate Ant. integrate

  stipulate: condition, specify, require, insist

辨析

  castigate  为纠正错误而严厉惩罚(正式用语)

  punish  对错误进行惩罚(更加强调惩罚,而不是纠正,一般用语)

  chasten  通过体罚来纠正;通过考验使受到锻炼(最正式的用语)

  chastise  体罚晚辈、下级(暗指惩罚和纠正)

  disdpline  处罚以使得到锻炼,培养自制力(含有纠正的含义)
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