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前缀 super- 在线测试练习二

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) supervened (b) surveillance (c) surmise (d) superficial (e) surfeit

1、Shallow emotions are often compensated for by excessive gift-giving. So l'm not impressed by your boyfriend's presents. He'll have to show me something more than __ expressions of love before I accept him into our family.

2、"That's all I can stand, I can stand no more!" Popeye would exclaim once he had had his __ of Brutus' attacks. Out would come the spinach and, well, you know what happened then!

3、I understand enough of the language that I can usually __ the purport of a conversation in Swahili. I infer a lot from the way the speakers are gesticulating and the tone of their voice.

4、Without allowing the IAEA to replace film and batteries in the __ cameras, the continuity of inspections will be broken. The cameras keep a watch on operations in the nuclear facilities much the same way a cop stakes out a suspicious home.

5、He told me something __ his coming to the party last night. He didn't specify what-just said "Something came up".

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词语释义
  1. shallow 浅的;浅薄的 compensate for 补偿...  excessive  过度的  accept  接受

  2.stand  忍受  Popeye  波普(大力水手) exclaim  喊  spinach  菠菜

  3.purport  意味,主旨  infer  推断  gosticulate 做手势

  4.replace  取代  inspection  检查  keep a watch on 注意  operation 运行,操作  nuclear facility 核设施  cop 巡警  stake out 监视(嫌疑者)suspicious 可疑的

  5.specify  具体地指明,仔细说明,详述  Something came up. 发生了一些事儿。

  接着super- 在线测试练习一,以下是对这五个选项里面的相关单词和解释和辨析,如果对前缀super-相关知识不了解可以复习一下这个词缀的词源,词义等知识。

同义词:
 
  surfeit : excess, surplus, superfluity, redundancy, plethora, satiety, glut, satiation

  surmise: conjecture, supposition, assumption, guess, presumption, speculation

  surveillance: watch, observance, lookout, supervision, eavesdropping

  supervene: follow, ensue, succeed, come next, Something came ( =has come) up.

辨析:
  superficial  外表的,表面上的;没有想法或知识深度的,浅薄的
 
  cursory 做事情或读书的时候不关注细节、园囵吞枣的(不一定都是贬义)

  shallow  想法、禀性等没有深度的

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