英语词根词缀源词典!

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前缀sub-,suf-,sup- 在线练习

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) suffrage (b) subordinate (c) subsequent (d)submissive (e) supplemented

1、Don't worry about Carl, he'll do whatever I tell him to do. He's like putty in my hands. l've got him on a string. I don't know why he's __, he's twice as big as me, but he is.

2、In times of extreme exigency, emotions like jealousy or pride become __ to the need to survive. Unfortunately, compassion also takes a back seat to the animal instinct of self-preservation.

3、We were prepared for the fire that broke out in the oil reserve tank, but not the __ shortage of fuel. Nobody had thought about what would come after such an accident.

4、Americans are negtigent with their right of__. For as much as they talk about democracy, it's appalling that less than 40% of their eligible voters actually go to the polls.

5、Mother __ the noodles with an egg and some vegetables. Thus fortified, what was a basic bowl of noodles with questionable nutritional value, became a wholesome and tasty main course.

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词语释义

1.putty  油灰(窗户玻璃等的接合剂)cf. like putty in one’s hands(易为某人所操纵或摆布)have~on a(the) string 操纵,支配

2.exigency  危急,紧急事态  jealousy  嫉妒,猜忌  compassion  怜悯,同情  take a back seat to  让位于…  instinct 本能   self-presenation 自我保护

3.breakout 突发  oil reserve tank 储油箱  shortage  不足,缺乏  come after接在…后面,跟在…后面发生

4.negligent 疏忽的,漠不关心的,怠慢的  appalling  令人震惊的  eligible 合格的,具有参加选举资格的  cf. eligile voter 具有投票资格的人  poll 投票;投票站 cf. go to the polls(参与投票)

5.vegetable 蔬菜;植物人  fortify  增强,筑防御工事;增加营养  questionable  成问题的;可疑的  nutritional  营养的  cf. nutritional value(营养价值) wholesome 有益健康的,对身体好的  tasty好吃的  main

course 主菜

同义词

  submissive: complying, obeying, subservient, servile, tame, bowing down

  subordinate: secondary, subsidiary,ancillary, subservient, junior, under Ant. main

  subsequent: following, succeeding, ensuing, consequent, later, next Ant. preceding

  suffrage:ballot, franchise, vote

辨析:

  supplement  补充的必要的东西(有时候指经过一段时间后,附在原文后或作为另一本书的单独出版物)

  appendix  附在已经完成的东西上的附属物(并不单纯指附录)

  addendum  附加在话语或书后的简洁明了的内容(比supplement简单,有时候指对省略部分的补充)

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