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前缀red- (red-,ren-,r-)在线练习题12

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) resilient ( b ) retrench (C) recant ( d) restitution (e) reconnaissance

1、"Of course defeat dampens our team spirit, "replied the coach, "but we're __. Our buoyant team spirit rebounds quickly. "

2、Call it __ if you want, but I really don't think I owe you any kind of redress. I haven't injured you in any way. l'm offering you this money as a friend. If you want to see it as atonement well, that's up to you.

3、Until I get my job back, l'm afraid. we're going to have to __ a little. It may be a few months, so let's all tighten our belts and hope for the best. That includes you too Peter — you've got to curtail your visits to the recreation hall!

4、l'm going to make him eat his words! Not just to me. Oh no, it won't be that easy. l'm going to make him __ his maledictions in front of the whole assembly.

5、 The __ team is ready, Sir. Every soldier knows exactly what we are to check out. We will contact you by FM radio as soon as our exploration is completed.

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词语释义
1.defeat 击败  dampen 挫败气势;弄湿;使沮丧 buoyant 有复原能力的,有弹力的;轻快的,有浮力的  rebound  回弹

2.redress 补偿,赔偿;更正,校正  injure 损害,损伤;给…伤害  in any way 不论通过什么方式  atonement  弥补,赎罪  up to  托付(寄存)给…的;必须做…的,有…义务(责任)的;由…决定

3.get back 找回,还给  tighten one's belt 勒紧腰带,节省,省钱;忍耐  hope for the best 期待最好,乐观,不失去希望  curtail 减少(截断)得短短的,缩减

4.eat one’s words 收回前面说的话;承认错误  that 那样  malediction  坏话,诅咒  in front of在…前面  assembly(美国)州议会;(韩国、法国等的)国会

5.exactfy  正确地  check out 检验   contact 和…联络,和…接触   expIoration  探求,探索,探险;实地调查   complete 完成,结束


同义词

1.resilient
  elastic, rubbery, rebounding, springy, buoyant, sprightly Ant. rigid

2.restitution
  compensation  recompense, reimbursement, indemnification, amends repayment, retum

3.recant
  withdraw, revoke, repudiate, recall, rescind, abrogate, take back

4.reconnaissance
  scouting, reconnoitering, survey, examination, scrutiny, exploration,patrol


辨析:

  retranch  删掉多余的部分

  shorten 删截长度,缩减范围、量、时间等

  abbreviate  省略语句或使用符号使简短

  abridge  在不改变内容的基础上缩短话语或文章

  curtail  缩减,削减;缩短;省略

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