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前缀red- (red-,ren-,r-)在线练习题10

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) redundant (b) recapitulation (c) redoubtable (d) relegated (e) retribution

1、He'II get his just deserts someday. Everybody does. Sure, he's high and mighty now, but the people he's hurting will have their __ someday. He has it coming.

2、Do we need to recap this for anybody ? Hey, listen up. I want to know does anybody want a __ ? No ? Okay then, let's skip the summary and go to lunch.

3、Just over this hill lies the formidable Devil's Slope. lt's called that because of its terrifying twists and turns. Park officials have put the __ incline off limits, but every year at least one skier dies trying it anyway.

4、The word "revert" means go back to a former state, right? So to say "revert back" is __ . "Back" is repetitious. lt's excess. Get rid of it.

5、An abandoned car, once the pride and joy of a wealthy owner, had been __ by time to a rat's nest as it sat there rusting away. A shiver went down my spine as I thought of my own body someday demoted in much the same way.

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词语释义

1.just deserts  应得的惩罚,因果报应  cf.get one's just deserts(付出应有的代价,罪有应得)sure 当然  mighty 强有力的,伟大的  have it coming  自作自受

2.recap 重述要点 (recapitulate)  skip 跳读,粗略地看  summary 摘要

3.formidable  可怕的  devil 恶魔  slopa 斜坡,斜面  terrifying 可怕的,令人害怕的  twists and turns(道路的)弯曲,(事情的)迂同曲折  incline 斜坡,倾斜  off limits 禁止出入  at least 起码,至少  skier 滑雪的人,滑雪者

4.revert 回到(以前的状态)repetitious  经常重复的,反复的  excess  过多,过剩,剩余,多余  get rid of 消除,除掉

5.abandoned car 报废的车  nest 巢穴  rust away 生锈  shiver 颤抖,战栗  spine  脊梁骨,脊椎  demote  使降职,使降级

同义词:

1. retribution
  retaliation, avengement, reprisal, revenge, vengeance, comeuppance,just desserts

2.recapitulate
  summarize, recap, restate, reiterate, rephrase, epitomize, sum up

3.redoubtable
  formidable,fearful, dread, horrible, awesome, threatening, menacing

4.relegate
  banish, deport, displace, exile, expatriate, expel, consign, remand

辨析

  redundant  不必要的,多余的;不需要的或者过分反复强调同一个

  phrase  絮絮叨叨的,罗列的

  wordy  语太多的,表达繁琐的(常用语)

  diffuse  文体冗长散漫没有结构的

  prolix  唠叨令人厌烦的故事,冗长的(比verbose更冗长) 

  superfluous  超过所需要、所希望的

  verbose  话太多,给人烦闷、松散感觉的(形式上的话)

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