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前缀red- (red-,ren-,r-)在线练习题9

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) respite ( b) rescind (c) reticent (d) repressed (e) reprisals

1、Oppressed for over two hundred years, most of the people see this as their best chance to extricate their nation. However, a considerable few say their country is not , and refuse to join in the cause.

2、John and Chris have been locked in an escalating tit for tat battle of practical jokes for two months now. At each turn, their __ get more and more vicious.

3、Judge Wilson has declared the law unconstitutional and ordered the state of Oregon to __ it. The legislature can not revoke it until they meet in February, but as far as businesses are concerned, the law is abrogated.

4、Early morning is the only __ i get from the traffic buzzing by on the busy street below my apartment. It lets up for about four hours, in which time I sleep.

5、Pyron has always been a reserved child, so your comment that he's too quiet in your class doesn't surprise me. Please understand that he's __ and be extra patient with him.

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词语释义
1. oppress  压抑  extricate (从危险、困境中)救出,解放  considerable  相当的  cause 目标;事业

2.be locked in 被监禁,被…牢牢抓住  escalate  逐渐增加,阶段性扩大(强化) tit for tat 以牙还牙,针锋相对  practical joke(不是言语的、行动的)恶作剧  at each(every)turn 每次变化的时候  vicious 邪恶的,恶意的

3.unconstitutional  违宪的,违背宪法的  legislature  州议会,立法机关  revoke 取消,撤回  meet 召开(议会)  abrogate  废止,废除

4.get by 通过,避开;混过  buzzing 嗡嗡声,嘈杂声.(机器的)杂青  let up 放松

5.reserved  内向的,羞涩的,沉默寡言的  comment  意见,见解  extra  特别地,格外地;额外的  patient 耐心的,忍耐的  cf.Be patient 耐心一些。

同义词
1.repress
  subdue, subjugate, vanquish, quell, quash, overpower, put down

2.rescind
  cancel, annul, repeal, abolish, abrogate, revoke, nullify, invalidate

3.respite
  rest recess, interval, relief, intermission, set-up, reprieve

4.reticent
  reserved, taciturn, silent, shy, withdrawn, retiring, low-key, subdued,Ant frank

辨析
  reprisal (特别是在政治、军队上)把自己遭到的损害转嫁给别人的报复行为

  retaliation  用同一种方法偿还恶行或怨恨的行为

  retribution  作为对犯下的罪恶的报复,施加的处罚(假装的意味强烈)

  vengeance  为了报复所受的冤屈而施加的惩罚

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