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前缀pre- 在线练习2

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) premonition (b) precursor (c) preempt (d) prerogative (e) pretentious

1、 I had a __ of my mother's death, but I refused to accept it, shrugging it off as just a bad thought.It was sort of a vague feeling that I was seeing her for the last time when I got into the taxi and waved good-bye.

2、As the senior partner, Han Shin Co. has the __ of selecting which projects their R&D will work on.This special privilege was added to the contract as a sweetener to attract their investment.

3、Bob hangs letters his uncle received from wond leaders over 20 years ago as a false claim to importance. I guess his delusion is so bad that he can't see we all know it's__.

4、The abacus was the __ to the modern computers we use today. This simple device, still used in China, served as the model for the design of the first electronic computer.

5、The settlers rushed to the West to __ a claim to a piece of the vast wilderness. By taking possession before anyone else and starting a farm, they were the legal owners of the land.

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答案和译文
1.(a)我有一种预感,母亲会死去,但我拒绝接受这个预感,我努力打消这种想法,当它不过只是个不吉利的想法。在我坐上出租车向她挥手告别的时候,有一种莫名的感觉,或许这是我最后一次见她了。

2.(d)韩信公司作为重要的合作方,拥有选择研发项目的特权。这个特别的权利作为吸引投资的策略被附加在合同上。

3.(e)鲍勃用二十年前他叔叔从世界领导者那里收刭的信件来假称自己是个重要人物。我想他并不精于骗术,居然认为我们都看不出他只不过是虚张声势。

4.(b)算盘是我们今天使用的计算机的前身。这个在中国依然使用的简单器具,为世界首台电子计算机的设计提供了原型。

5.(c)殖民者为了优先占有广阔荒原上的一片土地而奔向西部。赶在别人之前占有土地,开个农场,他们就成了土地的合法所有者。

词语释义
1.have a premonition of 有…的预感  accept 接受  shrug  耸肩  cf. shrug off(无视;打消) sort of 有几分,近似,或多或少  vague 模糊的;暖昧的  for the last time 最后一次,最终  get into 乘坐…;进入 …wave挥手

2.select 选择;抽出  R&D 研发(Research and Development) work on 对…有效,对…有作用;从事于,致力于  be added 附加到…上税  contract 契约(书),合同  sweetener 优惠,好处;诱导策略;甜味佐料  attract 吸引,诱惑  investment 投资

3.hang 吊,挂;装饰,陈列;拉进,结成关系  delusion  款瞒;妄想;误会

4.abacus  算盘  device  装置,设备,器具

5.settler 殖民者  rush 闯,猛冲  vasrt  广阔的 wilderness 旷野,荒地  take possessions

辨析
  precursor  前兆;先来的事物或人

  forerunner  为了告知某事将要发生昀或事先到来的东西

  harbinger  事先告诉某事将要发生或正在发生的人、事物,前兆

  herald  传达统治者的命令或者向国民传达重要消息的人;(比喻)前兆

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