英语词根词缀源词典!

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前缀per- 在线练习2

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) perturbed (b) pervaded (c) perspective (d) peruse (e) Persecution

1、Pessimism brought on by our crushing defeat __ the atmosphere of the next morning's practice.The gloom had so thoroughly saturated the team's spirit that even I was starting to feel down.

2、__ of minorities is a crime that abases us all. So long as any group of people anywhere in the world is oppressed, our organization will continue to fight for their freedom.

3、What you see in Tony's sculpture depends on what angle you're looking at it. From one __ it may seem like a fierce lion, from another it's a gentle mother and child.

4、Many of the high school seniors emerged from the exam obviously shook-up. "This is the first test with the new format and style, so we didn't know exactly how to prepare, " said one __ student with a troubled look on his young face.

5、lt's a good idea to __ the morning paper for vocabulary words you are studying.If you don't have much time, then at least scrutinize the headlines.

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答案和译文
1.(b)惨败给我们带来的悲观情绪弥漫着第二天早晨的训练。整个队伍完全陷入沮丧的情绪中,甚至连我的情绪也开始低落起来。

2.(e)对少数民族进行迫害的罪行让全人类蒙羞。只要世界上还有人受压迫,我们的组织就会继续为他们的自由而斗争。

3.(c)从托尼的雕像中看出什么取决于你观察的角度。从一个角度看,它像一只凶猛的狮子;从另一个角度看,它像温柔的母子。

4.(a)考场上许多高年级高中生的迷惑之情溢于育表。“这是实行新体制和新形式以来的第一次考试,我们根本不知道该如何准备,”一个满脸困惑的年轻学生不安地说。

5.(d)精读晨报是巩固所学词汇的一个好方法,如果你没有那么多的时间,至少要细读一下标题。

词语释义
1.pessimism  悲观主义  bring on 导致,引起  crushing 决定性的;粉碎性的,压倒性的 cf.crushing defeat(惨败)  gloom  忧郁,沮丧  thoroughly  彻底地;非常  saturate 使饱和,浸透,使充满  down 忧郁的,泄气的

,意志消沉的;初付的;付现金的

2.minority  少数民族;少数派  abase  贬低  oppress 压制,压迫

3.sculpture 像,雕刻(技术) depend on 依赖于…  fierce  凶恶的  mild 温柔的

4.emerge 出现,出来  obviously  明白地;突出地  shake up  使心乱,动摇;极大地震动,震惊  cf.shook-up(心烦意乱的;精神上动摇的) format 开本;版式;形式,格式;整体构成  exactty 完全地  troubled 麻烦的;杂乱无章的;慌张的,不安的  cf. troubled look(不安的表情)

5.moming paper 晨报  vocabulary  词汇  at least 至少  scrutinize 详细地调查  headline 题目,标题

辨析
  persecute  无比残忍地、持续地使痛苦;尤指迫害异教徒

  wrong  (不断地)对别人做坏事;使别人遭受损失

  abuse  辱骂他人,伤害感伊;虐待

  aggrieve  使他人蒙受损害或伤害他人感情

  oppress 加重负担;使极度痛苦

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