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前缀en-,em-在线练习4

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)enjoined (b)encumber (c)envoy (d)embellish (e)encomiums

1、Mr. Downing will go to Tripoli as an emissary for the Church of England in an effort to gain the release of the hostages. The church feels that sending a special _ may accentuate the urgency of the situation.

2、Teachers: During this SAT testing week, please try to go light on homework assignments. The students are already saddled with a heavy load of preparation materials, let's not _ them any further. Principal Fortner.

3、President Jima _ the military to help in the rescue effort, ordering the navy and army to follow the command of the French rescue team.

4、lt's a good basic plot, but the story itself needs some dressing up. Why don't you come over tonight and we'II see if we can't _ it a little over a glass of wine.

5、How dare you make disparaging remarks about the___ your sister has received? She worked hard for those commendations. You should be proud and should pay a tribute to her too.

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答案和译文
1.(c)唐宁先生将作为英国国教会的使节前往黎波里去努力营救人质。国教会认为派一名使节前往可以强调此次事态的严重性。

2.(b)各位老师:在本周学术水平测验期间,请尽量少留作业。学生们已经有很多资料要准备,所以请不要再给他们增添更多的负担了。校长福特纳。

3.(a)吉马总统下达命令要求军队帮助营救,他指示海军、陆军要听从法国救助队的指挥。

4.(d)基本情节还不错,只是故事本身还需要再添加些内客。今晚你过来,我们可以边喝葡萄酒边看看是否可以再润色一下。

5.(e)你怎敢对你妹妹所得到的称赞做出如此毁谤性的评价?她为了得到这些称赞一直很努力。你应该感到自豪,而且也该称赞她。

辨析:
  embellish  在已做好的东西上添加亮丽的装饰品:(比喻)用华丽的词藻修饰文章使之精炼

  adorn 使原本就很漂亮的人或物更加美丽(主要指内在与精神方面)
 
  beautify 增添某物的美丽;使某物美丽

  dscorate  通过添挂装饰品使不怎么漂亮的东西变得有魅力(比ornament更强调华丽)

  garnish 装饰、点缀以增加食品的色香味(或加强文章的表现力)

  ornament 用装饰物装饰以使外观更加出色(暗含对装饰物的强调)
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