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前缀dis-在线练习1

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)disingenuous (b)disquisition (c)digressed (d)disparity (e)dissimulate

1、About five minutes into his speech, Mason departed from the text to inform those present he would not seek re-election. Later, he__once more to tell them why.

2、lt's best to avoid doing any kind of business with Three Moon. They're the most devious,untrustworthy businessmen l've ever dealt with. lt's as though they study how to be _.

3、A discrepancy certainly exists in the kind and quality of health care available to low-income families and those earning over $30,000 a year. Clinton's goal is to compensate for the _ by designating more funds for poor neighborhood hospitals.

4、l'm sure what you're trying to tell us is interesting, but we don't have time for a__, Joe. Just tell us how to get the car started and spare us the thesis on auto mechanics.

5、Joe tries to __ his disdain for his mother-in-law, but she's old and experienced enough to see right through his false-hearted kindness.

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答案和译文
1.(c)演讲开始大约五分钟的时候,梅森开始脱离主题,告知在座的人他将不参与再选。之后,为了向大家解释其理由,他又一次远离了主题。

2.(a)最好避免和西尔门公司有任何贸易往来。他们是目前为止我在生意往来中所遇到的最不坦诚、最不可信赖的企业家。他们就像专门研究如何才能变得不正直似的。

3.(d)低收人家庭和年收入在3万美金以上的家庭所得到的卫生保健的种类和质量显燃存在着差异。克林顿的目标就是要分派给贫困地区的医院更多的资金来弥补这一差异。

4.(b)我确信你要给我们讲的会很有趣,但是我们没有时间听你做专题演讲,乔。就告诉我们怎样发动汽车,省掉关于汽车机械学的论述吧。

5.(e)虽然乔想掩饰他对岳母的蔑视,但是凭他岳母的年龄和经验足以看穿乔那虚伪的关心。

辨析:

  digress  写文章的人或说话的人故意脱离主题(暂时性的)

  deviate  脱离一般的、习惯上的、正确的事物

  diverge (指线条、道路等)分叉岔开;(指意见等)分歧

  swerve  因某种原因在进行过程中突然改交方向;改变线路或目标

  veer 改变风或所乘坐的交通工具的方向;(比喻)改变意见或方针
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