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前缀dis-在线练习5

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)dilate (b)disentangled (c)disdain (d)diligent (e)divergent

1、Who does he think he is? He comes here with this condescending, arrogant attitude, like he's too good to associate with us anymore. When I suggested he join us in a game of poker he just looked at me with _, as if such a common game were not worthy of his interest.

2、Differing opinions on the church's deference to Rome gave rise to the Reformation in which Luther,voicing the _ views, encouraged the establishment of a Protestant church.

3、Optometrists often use a chemical to purposely _ the pupils of your eyes since it is easier to examine an eye through an enlarged opening.

4、The delegation was impressed with the assiduous work ethic of the people. Yet it remains to be seen if such _ effort can be transferred from the farm to a modem factory.

5、Thanks Dad, you really got me out of a bad situation l've got to stop depending on you to bail me out every time, but this time I couldn't have _ myself.

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答案和译文
1.(c)他以为他是谁?他高傲、自大地来到这里,好像他优秀得不该再和我们交往似的。当我提议一起玩牌时,他却很蔑视地看着我,仿佛这种普通游戏根本不值得他玩。

2.(e)对于教会是否要臣服于罗马的不同观点引发了宗教改革。在这场运动中路德发表了不同见解,他鼓励创建新教。

3.(a)验光师们常常使用化学药品故意将你的瞳孔扩大,这是因为通过扩大了的瞳孔来检查视力更为容易。

4.(d)人们勤勉的职业道德给代表团留下了深刻印象。但是这种勤勉的努力是否可以从农场转移到现代工厂还得看情况发展。

5.(b)射谢您,爸爸,您真的从困境中解救了我。我不该再每次都靠您来保释我出去,但是这次我实在是无法自救。

辨析

  dilate  圆的、内部空的事物等变大(一般指身体的一部分)

  expand 扩展(包括内部或外部变大的所有事物;最一般性用语)

  distend 因内部压力而异常膨胀

  inflate  用人工手段使空气或其他气体充入(某物)使之膨胀,使膨胀

  swell  靠内部压力或外部添加来增大或增加尺寸、数量、力气或程度。
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