英语词根词缀源词典!

英语词源字典

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前缀ac-,al-,ad-,av-,af-在线练习1

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)accord (b)alliance (c)advocating (d)available (e)affliction

1、We have to consider the motivation behind their decision to call forlower taxes. Are they really in favor of tax cuts or are they only __ cuts to please voters?

2、Was Beethoven's deafness an _ or actually a blessing in disguise? lt's true the disorder was the bane of his life, causing him great anguish but it's also true that it pushed him to create his greatest works.

3、 Following the second world war, western European nations joined together and teamed up with America to form NATO, a military__.

4、In line with your increased duties, we will make two of our office clerks __ to you. They will be at your disposalall day. You can use them anytime just by calling the office manager.

5、Though there are drawbacks to the peace plan, we are of the same opinion that the pluses far outweigh the minuses. VVith this , we announce we have reached settlement.

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答案和译文

1.(c)我们需要考虑一下他们要求降低税金的动机。他们是真的赞成削减税金,还是只是为了讨好选民?

2.(e)贝多芬耳聋是一种痛苦,还是因祸得福?身体上的这种残疾确实破坏了他的生活,给他带来了极大的痛苦,但同时这也刺激他创做出了他最伟大的作品。

3.(b)第二次世界大战以后,西欧各国联合起来与美国共同结成了军事同盟组织NATO。

4.(d)由于你的工作任务有所增加,所以我们打算派两名职员来协助你。他们全天任你支配。你只需打个电话给业务经理,就可以随时派遣他们。

5.(a)逮项和平计划难免会有不足,但我们都一致认为其好处要比坏处多得多。凭借这一协议,我们宣布我们已达成了和解。

词语释义

1.motivation   动机,刺激  call for  要求  in favor of  赞成  cut  削减  please 讨好

2.deatness  耳聋  disguise  假装,乔装,伪装;隐藏,掩盖  disorder 异常;疾病,障碍.(身心的)紊乱;无秩序,混乱  bane  祸根  anguish (身心的)痛苦,烦闷  push 促使;推

3.following 紧接着…,在…之后  team up with  和…合作(配合)  form  结成同盟等;产生,形成

4.in line with 由于  make ~ available to  使可以使用…  disposal  处置,处理;处置…的自由,有处理…的权力  cf at one's disposal (受…管理)

5.drawback  障碍;缺点,弱点,不利之处  of the same opinion  意见一致的  plus  利益  outweigh 比…出众,胜于…  minus  不足,损失  settlement  和解,解决;安顿,定居

同义词:

  advocate: supporr back, uphold, espouse, champion, side with Ant. impugn

  alliance: joining  union, coalition,league, association, affiliation, merger

  available:accessible obtainable, procurable, handy, ready  Ant. unavailable

  accord: agreement concord, consonance, chorus Ant. discord


辨析:

  affliction  因疾病、悲惨的命运、不幸、损失而引起的深刻而持续的苦恼和痛苦

  trial  无法忍受的痛苦或因伤心、上火而引起的头疼

  tribulation  长期的严重痛苦(书面用语)

  visitation  重大苦难或磨难(比affliction的语气强,有时含有报应的含义)
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