英语词根词缀源词典!

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单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)avenge (b)adjacent (c)assailant (d)accelerated ce)adequate

1、If you propose eliminating scholarships for black students, you had better be prepared to come under attack. Your first _ will be me!

2、Getting even with someone who has done you a wrong can sometimes lead to a vicious cycle of retaliations, with each person forever trying to _the other.

3、Opening of the park was scheduled for next summer, but Mayor Inders has ordered the construction crew to pick up the pace so that it can be ready by this fall. The reason for the __ completion is not exactly abstruse: city elections are this November!

4、This is only a three day trip, so one suitcase will be more than _ .If any student thinks one bag is not good enough to hold his apparel, then he is probably bringing too much.

5、A man in an adjoining room thought he heard gunshots and got up to check. He found someone had blown open the safe in the __ office and absconded with the company's payroll.

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答案和译文

1.(c)如果你提议将黑人学生排除在奖学金获得者之外,那你最好做好接受攻击的准备。而且最先攻击你的将会是我!

2.(a)向得罪过你的人进行报复,有时会导致恶性循环,因为双方会不停地报复彼此。

3.(d)本来预计于明年夏天开放公园,但因德斯市长却要求工程建设人员加快进度,争取今年秋天竣。要求加速完工的理由并不难理解:11月将进行市选举。

4.(e)此次旅行只去三天,所以带一个旅行包就足够了。如果有哪个学生觉得一个包装不下他的衣服,那他一定是带得太多了。

5.(b)隔壁的一个男子觉得他好像听到了枪声,所以就站起来察看了一下。他发现有人撬开隔壁办公室的保险柜,将公司应付的工资款带走逃跑了。

词语释义

1.eliminate   排除,除去

2. get even with  报复,报仇  wrong  坏事,不当的行为;损害  cf. do ~ a wrong 对…做坏事  lead to 导致  vicious cycle 恶性循环  retaliation 报复,复仇

3.opening  开张,开始,开通;开放,打开;空缺,空座位,职位;开始的,开会的  be scheduled for 预计(计划)…  pick up 加快(速度) exactly 准确尤误地,正是,正好,精确地  cf. not exactty(不完全,根本不…)

abstruse  深奥的,难以理解的

4.suitcase  旅行包  bag 书包,袋子  hold  装,容纳,装得下  apparel  衣服,服装

5.adjoining   邻近的  gunshot  射击.炮击,歼炮;枪声  get up  起来  check  确认 How  爆破  safe  保险柜;金库  abscond  逃跑  payroll  应支付的工资总额;薪金册

同义词:

  assailant: attacker, assaulter, aggressor, mugger

  avenge: retaliate, revenge, repay, redress, get even with Ant. condone

  accelerate: speed, hasten, quicken, hurry, expedite, step up Ant. decelerate

  adequate: sufficient, enough, ample, suitable, satisfactory, sufficing Ant. inadequate

辨析

  adjacent 同类东西彼此靠近的(意指中间不央有任何东两)

  adjoining  通过某一点或某一条线而彼此相连的

  contiguous  全面接触或大部分方面相互接触的

  neighbo(u)ring 位置上毗邻的(日常用语)
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