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单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)abrogate (b)absolve (c)ablution (d)abject (e)abstemious

1、Rather than trying to punish your father for the way he treated your mother, it's better for you to __ him and get on with your own life. l'm not saying forget, only forgive.

2、I respect a person who lives moderately, but Nelson's stoic,penny-pinching ways are too much. He's beyond__ ——he's masochistic!

3、lraq's __ defiance of the terms of the cease-fire agreement is abhorrent. The international community will long remember this outrageous, contemptible disregard for world opinion.

4、Before you get a tattoo on your young body, you should know that no amount of __ in the future will wash it off.

5、Boris Yeltsin used his powers as president to dismantle the Soviet-era Politburo, doing away with the last vestige. lronically, it was the old guard's attempt to hold onto power that empowered Yeltsin to__.the system that kept them alive.

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答案和译文

1.(b)不要因为你父亲对待你母亲的方式而去惩罚他,你应该宽恕他,并过好你自己的生活,这样对你更好。我不是说要你去忘记,而是要宽恕。

2.(e)我虽然很尊敬生活节俭的人,但是尼尔森那种禁欲、吝啬的生活方式有点过头了。那已不是俭朴,而是一种自虐。

3.(d)伊拉克卑劣地无视休战协定条件的行为让人憎恶。国际社会将永远记住这种公然藐视世界舆论的行为。

4.(c)在给你年少的身体文身以前,你应该清楚今后无论洗多少次都将无法洗掉它。

5.(a)鲍里斯·叶利钦利用总统职权瓦解了苏联时期的共产党敢治局,铲除了最后残余。讽刺的是,居然是那些贪图权力的极端保守派帮助叶利钦推翻了曾经让他们得以存活下来的制度。

词语释义

1.treat 处理;对待;请客;治疗  get on with 好好相处,使事情办成

2.moderately  适度地  stoic  禁欲主义的  penny-pinching  极度吝啬的  too much  过分的  masochistic 自虐的

3.defiance   挑战;反抗;无视  term  条件;协定,约定  cease-fire agreement  休战协定  abhorrent  令人憎恶的  outrageous   蛮横的,无耻的  contemptible 让人藐视的:卑劣的  disregard  无视

4.tattoo   文身  wash off  洗掉

5.dismantie  解体  era  时代,时期  Politburo (the ~)前苏联共产党政治局  do away with 除掉  vestige  遗迹,痕迹;残余  old guard  极端保守派  hold onto  继续,支撑  cf. hold onto power(保留权力)empower  

 授权…,赋予做…的权力  alive使活着、保留权力等

同义词:

  absolve: forgive, pardon, exonerate, exculpate, acquit, clear Ant. charge

  abstemious:abstinent, self-restraining, self-disciplined, temperate, sober, frugal

  abject:miserable, wretched, woaful, doleful, downtrodden Ant. joyful

  ablution:bathing, tub, shower, cleansing, walshing off

辨析

  abrogate  比annul更为正式的用语,指官方的正式废除

  abolish 废除法律、制度、条约、风俗等长期存在的事物

  annul   依靠权力废除法律、契约、义务、制废、债务等

  cancel   取消个人的负债、证书、契约、约定等(暗指消除),正式废止(撤销)法律、命令、许可等(一般由议会执行)

  repoal  正式废除法律、命令、许可

  rescind  使无效
 
  revoke (=repeal)
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