前缀dis-(dif-,di-) = apart;to undo;lack of,to remove;not
dis-是个很常见的前缀,它原是副词性的拉丁前缀,意思为apart。当它作为原生前缀与拉丁词根结合时,根据词根首字母的情况,分别使用dis-,dif-,di-三种形式。其中,dis-主要出现在c,p,...
后缀-agogue,-agog = Leading or promoting
-agogue In the US often -agog. Leading or promoting. [Greek agōgos, leading.] A demagogue (Greek demos, the people) is a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices; a pedagogue is a teacher, especially...
后缀-ae = Forming plurals
[From a Latin plural suffix, or representing the Greek plural ending -ai.] The -ae suffix is used for the plural of many non-naturalized, specialist, or unfamiliar nouns ending in -a (see -a 1 ) derived from Latin or Greek: antennae is the p...
前缀actino-,actin- = A ray or beam 光线,束
before vowels actin-, word-forming element meaning "pertaining to rays," from Greek aktis (genitive aktinos) "ray, radiance;" perhaps cognate with Sanskrit aktuh "light, ray," Gothic uhtwo "dawn, daybreak," Lithuanian anksti "early."...
前缀acrylo-,acryl- = Acrylic 丙烯酸塑料
前缀acrylo-,acryl-是化学元素前缀,非常专业的词缀,一般的书籍上没有介绍,可以说如果不是化学专业的,真的很少见到由这个前缀构成的单词了。 词源: [English acrylic (from Latin acer,...
前缀acro-,acr- = highest, topmost, at the extremities 高,最高,极高,顶点
前缀acro- 来源于拉丁语akro-,akro-来源于akros意思是at the end,at the top,也就是说,akros一直演变成前缀acro-意思基本上没有变。为什么变成acro-,而不是演变成别的词缀呢?这个可以通过音变...
前缀acoust(o)-,acous-, acou-, and acoustico- = Sound or hearing
[Greek akoustikos, from akouein, to hear (acou- comes from the latter).] Acoustics is the branch of physics concerned with the properties of sound; the field of acoustooptics studies interactions between very high frequency sound waves and b...
后缀-acious = 多…的,充满…的,有…倾向的,具有…的特点
形容词后缀-acious 来源于拉丁语,属于复合后缀,是由 -aci + -ous 组合而成,它与名词后缀 -acity 相对应 英语词源:adjectival word-forming element meaning given to, inclined to, abounding in, from Latin -a...
前缀aceto-,acet- = Acetic acid or the acetyl group
before vowels acet-, word-forming element from comb. form of acetic and generally indicating compounds from or related to acetic acid....
前缀 aden-,adeno- = A gland
来源于希腊语。 [Greek adēn, a gland.] The adenoids are glandular tissue at the back of the nose, whose surgical removal is adenoidectomy (Greek ektomē, excision); adenopathy (Greek patheia, suffering) is a disease or disorder of gl...
后缀 -acusis = A condition of the hearing
不常用的一个后缀,比较生僻,来源于希腊语。 [Greek akoustikos, from akouein, to hear.] The most common example here is hyperacusis (Greek huper, over, beyond), abnormally acute hearing or painful sensitivity to sounds. O...
前缀adip(o)- = Fat or fatty tissues
[Latin adeps , adip- , fat.] The usual adjective is adipose , mainly used in medical contexts to describe fatty body tissues; an adipocyte is a cell found in connective tissue that stores fat; adiposity is fatness, or a tendency to fatness;...
后缀-ado = Forming a variety of words based on Portuguese, Spanish, or Italian originals
[Spanish and Portuguese -ado, or Italian -ata or Spanish -ada, based on Latin -atus, the past participial suffix of verbs ending in -are.] Words in -ado form a disparate group whose only link is European languages descended from Latin. Examp...
前缀adren(o)- = The adrenal glands
[From adrenal, formed from ad- plus renal, of the kidneys, from Latin renes, kidney.] The two adrenal glands lie on top of the kidneys. One part of each makes adrenaline and noradrenaline (in US epinephrine and norepinephrine), needed to pre...
后缀-aemia,-haemia,-emia,-hemia = A substance present in the blood, especially in excess
-aemia Also -haemia . In US -emia and -hemia . [Modern Latin, from Greek -aimia , from haima , blood.] A substantial number of such terms exist, mostly from medicine, though a few relate to veterinary ailments. Forms in -haemia appear after...
前缀aer(o)- = Air or another gas; the atmosphere; aircraft
前缀aer-来源于希腊语,这个前缀也是一个词根,当作词根讲时,也有空气的意思。 [Greek aēr, air.] Some examples relate to the atmosphere: aerology is its study; aerobiology is the study of airborne microorgani...
前缀 afore- = Before or previously
[Old English onforan, from on- (see a- 2 ) and foran, in front, in advance.] Words beginning with afore- are now archaic or formal and in some cases have been replaced by words or phrases employing before. Examples are aforehand, beforehand...
前缀Afro- = Africa; African and …
word-forming element meaning African, from Latin Afr-, stem of Afer, Afri African (see Africa), or directly from African. ------------《英语在线词源字典》 Africa; African and [Latin Afer, Afr-, African.] Hyphenated terms often deno...
后缀 -agra = Pain in some part of the body
[Greek agra, a seizure.] A few medical terms contain this ending. The most common are podagra (Greek pous, pod-, the foot), gout of the foot, especially of the big toe, and pellagra (via Italian from Latin pellis, skin, on the pattern of pod...
前缀 agri-,agro- = Farming; cultivation
前缀agri-也当作为一个词根讲,来源于希腊语 agro-。 word-forming element meaning pertaining to agriculture or cultivation, from Greek agro-, comb. form of agros field (see acre). -----------《英语词源在线词典》 [G...