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前缀red- (red-,ren-,r-)在线练习题6

单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a) relentless (b) reprieve (c) replenish (d) renders (e) repugnant

1、Several people have quit already. l've told him if he doesn't stop his __ "efficiency campaign", he's going to lose his entire staff. He never lets up and people just can't take it.

2、Tear gas__people coughing and choking, and desperate to get out of the area. Even after they've cleared out, the chemical leaves them with a burning sensation in their throat, mouth and exposed skin for up to an hour.

3、Hey, before we start across the desert, don't you think it's a good idea to top off the gasoline tank? And we'd better __ our water supply too.

4、The only time I get a break from the kids is while they're at school. I use the __ from their commotion to cuddle up with a good book or take a much-deseved nap.

5、Greg's constant lewd jokes gross me out He's so disgusting! He thinks he's funny and that everybody likes his __ stories. I guess some of the guys do, but most of us girls think they're distasteful.

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词语释义
1.quit 辞职  efficiency  cf.efficiency campaign (提高效率的活动) never let up 永不停止 take 接受(指责、忠告、惩罚、玩笑等),忍受,隐忍

2.teargas 催泪弹  coughing  咳嗽  choking  窒息  desperate  不顾一切的  get out of 从…出来   dear out 除去(障碍、不必要的东西)chemical 化学制品(药品)  leave 留下  buming(像要)燃烧的;严重的,厉害的

 sensation 心,心情,感情;感觉,知觉  throat  喉咙,咽喉  exposed 暴露的,显出的 up to  到…,一直到…

3.top off 给(油箱)注满油  water supply 自来水,供水量

4.break 暂时的休息(时间)  commotion  骚动,动摇  cuddle up 紧贴   take a nap 睡午觉  deserved 值得的,应得的,当然的

5.constant 不断的  lewd  下流的,淫荡的,猥亵的  gross out 令人憎恶,令人恶心  disgusting  令人厌恶的   funny 有意思的   distasteful 令人反感的


同义词

1.relentless
  cruel, ruthless, pitiless, stony, hard-hearted, merciless, remorseless

2.render
  give, deliver, present, submit, provide, offer, lend

3.replenish
  refill, refresh, restore, reload, restock, fill up

4.reprieve
  respite, suspension, abeyance

辨析

  repugnance  对不合自己想法、喜好的东西感到强烈的反感

  aversion  对令人不快的或讨厌的东西表示出的强烈持久的厌恶

  abhorrence  极端的aversion或者repugnance

  antipathy   没有什么理由地本能带有的憎恶、敌意

  disgust   对不好的气味、风景、声音、恶劣行为等几乎要吐的憎恶

  disinclination  对某事或某种行为勉强产生的感情、轻微的反感

  loathing  极端的无法忍受的憎恶

  reluctance  不合心意的情感(比disinclination意思强烈)

  repulsion  对令人不快的东西的憎恶

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