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单选题()根据词根词缀(前缀和后缀)以及同义词推断词义并选词填空,满分100分,错选落选均不得分,答案及翻译在第二页!
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(a)adverse (b)acquitted (c)acclaim (d)adhere (e)accommodate

1、Fiddler on the Roof opened to rave reviews in the earIy 1970's. Critical __ in the New York Times hailed it as " an epoch drama not to be missed. "

2、Door-to-door salesmen bother you until you finally —— them just to tree yourself. Tired of these abrasive peddlers and letting them have their way ? Call us, we can help you learn to say "NO!"

3、Thomas Payne, the real estate tycoon, was cleared of all charges of tax evasion. A federal judge him, saying the evidence presented by his lawyer clearfy absolved him of the accusation.

4、Do you think we should stick these posters on the wall with tape or glue? They have to hold on for about three months. Which do you think would _ best?

5、Instead of helping her husband succeed, she worked against him, becoming an _ influence in his home with her constant negative comments about his work.

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答案和译文

1.(c)《屋顶上的小提琴手》首映于20世纪70年代初,当时受到了极力称赞。《纽约时报》的一篇论文称赞该作品是一部“不可错过的开辟新纪元的戏剧”。

2.(e)挨户上门的推销员们会一直烦扰您,直到您为了摆脱他们而不得不听从他们的请求。您是否已经对这些令人疲倦的小商贩以及他们随心所欲的行为感到厌烦了?请打电话给我们,我们将教会您说“不”!

3.(b)房地产业巨头托马斯·佩恩摆脱了逃税的嫌疑。联邦法官宣告佩恩的律师所提供的证据足以证明他无罪,所以应该将其无罪释放。

4.(d)我们该用胶带还是胶水来把这些海报贴到墙上呢?大概得在墙上贻三个月。你认为哪种贴得更结实呢?

5.(a)她不但不帮她丈夫获取成功,反而跟他对着于。她在家里不停地否定他的工作,对他造成了不良影响。

词语释义

1.fiddler  小提琴手  open 开始  rave 极力称赞的;极力称赞,吹捧  review 评论,批评;复习 critical acclaim 好评  hail  欢迎  epoch  新纪元,时代  miss 错过,没看见

2.door-to-door 挨户访问的  bother  烦扰  abrasive  恼人的  peddler 小商贩 let~have one's way  任…随心所欲

3.real estate 房地产  tycoon 实业界/政界的巨头  clear  解除(疑心等),解决(疑问、问题) charge  罪;嫌疑;告发,控诉,指责;责任;费用;充电  evasion  逃避(法律),(特 指)漏税,回避,借口  present 提出

 absolve  宽恕,使无罪  accusation 揩责,控诉,告发

4.stick  张贴,贴  glue【  胶水,黏着剂  hold on  继续挂着;坚持;保住

5.work against  对…不利  comment  批评,评论,评价;意见,见解

同义词:

  acclaim: applaucd cheer, hail, extol, commend, compliment, laud Ant.vituperate

  accommodate: adapt adjust, acclimate, habituate, accustom, suit, tailor, fit

  adhere: sticK cling, cohere, cleave, attach, hold fast Ant. disjoin

  adverse: unfavorable negative,  inverse, opposite, hostile, contrary  Ant. favorable

辨析

  acquit (判决上)由于证据不充分或清白而被判释放

  absolve  解除责任、义务或赦免没有履行这些责任和义务的罪(即使道德上有罪也不予以惩罚)

  excuse  对一堕小过失(small fault)装作没看见

  exonerate  免除对错误行为的责备(正式用语)

  forgive   完全放下对对方的仇恨与报复之情(比pardon更强调个人的情感)

  pardon  免除对重大过失以及违反道德、法律的罪行的惩罚

  vindicate  证实指责或批评没有任何根据,从而解除嫌疑
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